Tomorrow begins the Fair Iberflora, where for three days, visitors can enjoy the largest international trade fair for plants and flowers, and gardening technology. And in Valencia, we have extensive botanical tradition.
Antonio José Cavanilles is perhaps the most important figure in Spanish enlightened science. Born in Valencia, concern and desire for knowledge led him to take an interest, throughout his life, for various scientific and technical disciplines such as physics, mathematics, cartography, medicine, agronomy, hydrology. However, if for some reason is particularly remembered Cavanilles is for activity as a botanist.
When Cavanilles was commissioned national inventory of plants, chosen as the Kingdom of Valencia on the first region to work. His description starts from the north (Castellón) and ends in the south (Alicante). The geographical environment, agriculture, vegetation and human environment and culture cross this simple but brilliant description of a region in a complex historical period. As a result of his travels in the Valencia region, Cavanilles published his Observations on the Natural History, Geography, Agriculture, Population and fruits of the Kingdom of Valencia (1795-1797).
In this publication we subtract that plant communities and flora of our region respond to the characteristics of the Valencian wet ecosystems, characterized by the abundance of underwater plants and many algae of the genus Chara, most of them require clean water and abundant found in rivers.
In ditches found the lily, interspersed with amphibious vegetation, based on cattails and water lilies.
In the rice fields seasonal communities develop “Asprella” and goose tongue, along with typical crop plants, horsetail and reed.
In uncultivated areas will develop extensive reedbeds, along with the so-called “Dolceta” Morning Glory of reeds interspersed with wet meadows that develop in pastoral areas less flooded.
In the dunes and depressions are communities that support them moving sands and salinity stress, the everlasting, the reeds, the “mansega”, the “sea llistó” Morning Glory dune, sea and viola.
Definitely a world worth discovering.